About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people


The Philippines is a state in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the premier populations in the environment. The state is an archipelago of a substantial team of islands surrounded by crystal crystal clear drinking water and gorgeous and exceptional coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the premier is Luzon, at a hundred and five square kilometres and just more than fifty per cent of the islands in the state have names, and only 350 islands are larger than 2 and a 50 % kilometres square. The tallest mountain assortment can be located on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top rated of the mountain reaches more than 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be located on the next premier island in the state Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like lots of other mountains in the state Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the web-site of the capital of Manila the premier and most critical Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches all over Manila bay for hundreds of yrs Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center component of the Philippine islands. The premier islands in the Visayas involve Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the state and the next premier island in the Philippines the island actions 94,seven-hundred square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands were fashioned by volcanoes and are component of a mountain chain that is typically below drinking water. The interior of most of the islands have lots of rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the frequent rain fall there are lots of rivers streams and waterfalls that continuously surge down the mountain sides. Due to the fact of the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with amazing sceneries in just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls spectacular caves and rock formations. Regrettably a ton of the rain forest is disappearing prior to the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than 90 per cent of the Philippine islands were covered in rain forest. To day the state has misplaced close to a single-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been made use of and slash down for its timber and to crystal clear land for farms and houses.

The shoreline

With more than 7000 islands the state has a coast line additional than 36,three hundred kilometres in length. The shorelines and shoreline may differ across the state are quite sandy in destinations this sort of as Boracay which is famed for its gorgeous picturesque tropical white sand shorelines. With tropical plants and palm trees developing on these spectacular shorelines. On some island coast traces are quite rocky in spot and in some destinations you will come across grey white sand shorelines and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on clean drinking water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and individual day-to-day dwelling specifications this sort of as consuming and washing. Pasig River is a single of the premier rivers in the state and flows as a result of the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows as a result of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Due to the fact the state is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace indicates the Philippines have a ton of energetic Volcanoes. One particular of the most famed volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for lots of hundreds of yrs Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted additional than one thousand persons killed or wounded and still left 1000’s of persons homeless. The explosion designed a massive ash cloud that covered additional than one hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognised as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight occasions in the previous four hundred yrs. Mount Mayo positioned on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a nationwide park in the calendar year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a correctly formed cone that towers 2462 meters over the land. Mayon Very last major eruption was in February 1814, when it ruined three cities and covered yet another two with volcanic ash and sizzling larva about 1600 persons died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine People

For 1000’s of yrs lots of distinct kinds persons and nations have been component of the Philippines the final result is a state and persons with a exceptional blend of lots of cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the state was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the very first European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult males were killed for the duration of the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Household faith and schooling are quite critical in Filipino lifestyle.

Temperature dwelling in the metropolis or the state or on an isolated island loved ones, faith and schooling are quite highly valued by nearly just about every a single Filipinos have lots of positive values this sort of as respect for authority and a high regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos keep sturdy religious beliefs they frequently take component in religious ceremonies rejoice holy times with substantial festivals. The Spanish exactly where quite productive in changing the Filipino to Christianity earning the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the inhabitants, five % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the premier no Christian team in the state. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognised as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. A lot of Filipinos feel in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief plays an critical component in the each day existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mother Mary and other holy persons termed saints lots of Filipinos beautify their houses trics jeepneys boats schools of photographs of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines now there are various million Filipinos that follow the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos follow Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most important Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino loved ones

The Filipino loved ones the standard models of the Philippine social organization which includes the father the mother and little ones the bilateral extended loved ones which incorporates all relations of the Father and Mother. Of distinctive worth the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their loved ones as a resource of strength and protection. It is not uncommon for unmarried daughters and sons to stay at household with their mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The loved ones are quite close and if someone demands assistance other individuals chip in and do what they can to assistance the loved ones member in want. The father-husband is the head of the loved ones and is normally unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and little ones. The father role and duty is to meet up with the economic demands of the loved ones. The Filipino father is the key resource of willpower in the loved ones and occasionally takes advantage of corporal punishment on both equally sons and daughters despite the fact that corporal punishment made use of on little ones in the Philippines is now little by little getting made use of much less and much less because of to the Philippine modern society educating and imposing new values on increasing little ones. The little ones a ton of Filipino moms pamper their little ones these has the influence of prolonging the childhood of the little ones they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and expectations are retained underneath the child’s prospective this treatment and passion lavished on the little ones creates a experience of belonging and protection. As a final result the little ones will generally contribute to parent’s economic assist and emotional assist and protection. The standard Filipino spouse and mother take treatment of all the information to be certain the loved ones functions as a dwelling and loving organised loved ones device. The mother is in charge of the household and all the information pertaining to the little ones this sort of as cooking the loved ones meal viewing the little ones are clothed and completely ready for college the paying of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other home charges. Peculiar as it might appear to be ladies share equal spot with man in Philippine modern society woman participation in skilled work and politics is completely approved this equality can be traced back to historic Malayan custom.


Education Filipino little ones attend 6 yrs of elementary college and four yrs of high college. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys key formal languages. Much more than 90% of all elementary attend federal government schools. From June right until March Filipino little ones commit their times at college classes commence all over 8 in the early morning in the towns like Manila and occasionally all over 7 am in the rural areas prior to classes commence the little ones salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite high literacy level which most persons in the state can read through and produce regretably because of to the high unemployment level and the minimum salary paid to reduce class staff this sort of as farmers and labours some little ones have to fall out of college to work and assistance to assist their households and some little ones attend schools that do not have sufficient college materials and gear this sort of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinct major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass schooling of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was launched so distinct persons dwelling in distinct pieces of the Philippines could understand a single yet another. The American declared English the state formal language for the duration of the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine federal government made the decision to replace English with a language termed Filipino also recognised as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language especially in the course of some of the major towns. Right now Filipino and English are the state formal languages. In distinct pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can discuss wherever up to four languages and some occasions additional especially the persons who have traveled and lived in distinct pieces of the state. For illustration theses Filipinos can discuss the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a baby they also can discuss English and Tagalog and occasionally yet another language that is native to exactly where they stay as an adult or learnt as a baby. For illustration English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a single Filipino can discuss.

The persons standard dwelling

50 percent of the Philippine inhabitants stay in the state in the vicinity of mountains forest on smaller islands or on the plains there are lots of kinds of standard houses Bahay kubo is a standard rural household some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and floors are manufactured from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and worn out down to timber or bamboo to sort the roof. Other persons in the state aspect stay in picket household and other low-priced timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The additional wealthy state Filipino stay in a larger extravagant modern-day household and properties are manufactured from cement bricks and cement.On a ton of Tiny Island and state areas the household has a single key space with a couple of pieces of furniture and mats on the floor exactly where the loved ones sleeps.The kitchen area is normally in yet another space with a wood burning stove and occasionally a smaller fuel stove based on how isolated the loved ones is from the closest city. In the larger state cities lots of of the native properties have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are uncommon in smaller villages despite the fact that now additional and additional Tiny Islands and villages are obtaining electrical power but there is still a ton of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that stay in an region that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing assemble drinking water from a neighborhood nicely and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The very first persons who migrated to the Philippine islands made use of barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the greatest indicates of transportation of excellent and items from island to yet another persons also depend on these ships as ferries simply because the cost of a aircraft ticket are quite costly for the minimal earnings households. Banca a slender picket boat with an out boat motor hooked up to the back. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from both equally sides of the boats that functionality like platoons blocking the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos made use of these smaller boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are primarily made use of as persons ferries and substantial professional fishing boats.The smaller sized banca boats are made use of for smaller sized journeys in calmer drinking water. A standard sort of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a aspect cart this sort of transportation are still common in some state cities and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the street evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a smaller bus manufactured from jeeps still left at the rear of by the US army. The jeeps exactly where remodeled in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colors and styles and embellished with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller sized brother the stainless steel jeep was manufactured and manufactured for simple explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the surroundings was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and manufactured the very first jeep the jeep needs much less routine maintenance simply because it is difficult and does not rust. The jeep is an great Philippine automobile simply because they are tailored to the exceptional Philippine weather especially from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.